Curriculum Rationale

Rainham School for Girls offer a broad curriculum that enables pupils to receive a high quality enriching learning experience where knowledge and skills form the foundations. We aim to develop thinking skills and curiosity in learning to nurture life-long learners. Our core values underpin our curriculum and reflect the needs of our pupils ensuring that our curriculum is centred on doing the right thing for our pupils.

As pupils move through the school, the curriculum evolves alongside them to allow their skills to develop in line with the individuals they are. We promote a pyramid style curriculum where our curriculum is integrated and common links are made to work towards a final goal.

The sequence of lessons have been carefully considered allowing students to access core subjects, develop skills in the humanities and languages and also to enjoy creativity, art based and less traditional subjects. Throughout the learning experience, cross curricular links are embedded to further promote the pyramid curriculum and the use of our big question promotes inquiry, encourages application and deepens understanding enabling students to know more, understand more and demonstrate more.

Our option offer allows those personal pathways to be accessed whether you are a budding professor, a vet or the next Van Gogh; our curriculum is designed with everyone in mind. We want our pupils to leave us being the best version of them and being equipped with the life skills needed to succeed.


Key Stage 3

Learning in Year 7, 8 and 9 is colourful, innovative and challenging and is supported by our broad and exciting curriculum with opportunities for cross-curricular, project-based learning. Our RSG Big 5 character traits are woven throughout our learning journey, with students working collaboratively in a learning community to develop resilience, confidence, leadership, health and initiative in lively classroom environments.  We work closely with our Key Stage 2 partners in the local community to build upon the content and skills targeted in primary schools to ensure that the offer for our students is appropriate and forward-thinking. Our curriculum, with The Big Question at its heart, supports the aims, ethos and values of the school by:

• promoting the intellectual, aesthetic, moral, physical and social development of all students
• providing opportunities for the creative and performing arts to make a contribution to the education of young people
• ensuring that equality of opportunity in access to the curriculum is an entitlement
• ensuring that extra-curricular activities, inlcuding our OAST programme, play an important part in school life
• providing students with every opportunity to be happy and successful learners

The academy provides a broad, balanced and innovative curriculum; with a firm focus on Mathematics, English and Science for all students.  To stretch the more able an accelerated curriculum is offered.

Our taught curriculum is delivered through a two week timetable with each day divided into periods of 60 minutes; an additional 20 minutes for registration takes place each morning.

The Stellar groups at Rainham School for Girls are those students who achieve highly in their CATS testing, Key Stage 2 testing and Accelerated Reader testing and are placed on a specific programme to stretch and challenge them.  The girls follow an extended curriculum; in addition to following a more advanced curriculum, Stellar students also study three separate sciences and two modern foreign languages: French and German.  This is an excellent opportunity for many students to broaden their cultural awareness.  Should individuals struggle to maintain the pace, not exhibit the work ethic, or behavioural expectations of Stellar, students can be moved to the mainstream curriculum.

The Phoenix group has been added to the curriculum for those students who show the potential to possibly move into Stellar in their education.  They follow the same challenging curriculum as Stellar at the appropriate pace.

For students who may need additional support our SEND faculty provide a more specific support programme tailored to individual needs.

Our broad and balanced curriculum journey continues into Year 9, where students enjoy a challenging and varied programme of study in each of their disciplines, forming cross-curricular links and developing the skills needed for the next stage of their education. This is supported by our dual option process, where Year 9 students can select an ADT or PEPA subject to specialise in whilst also embracing all of the opportunities available to them in lower school. Students in Year 9 are encouraged to continue debating, critiquing and challenging through our dialogic teaching model and explore and tackle a wide range of topics, issues and challenges.


Key Stage 4

The Key Stage 4 curriculum is designed to support the school’s vision of ambition, aspiration and success. The Big Question is integral to the key stage 4 curriculum and enables pupils to address key concepts and make links between knowledge and ideas over time, developing a broader understanding and providing a wider context to learning.

During years 10 and 11 the students timetables become increasingly personalised and focus on the needs of the individual.  Throughout all option choices students are guided towards choices from a broad range of options that will meet their needs.  The focus remains on students achieving their potential in Mathematics, English and Science accompanied by a demanding and wide range of subjects for each student.  Key Stage 4 options enable students to choose personal pathways which could include all GCSEs or a mixture of GCSEs and vocational qualifications.

An example of the Key stage 4 option subjects are:

Art - Fine Art, Art - Graph Communication, Business, Child Development, Dance, Drama, Design Technology, Enterprise, Media, Food, French, Geography, German, Health & Social Care, History, Hospitality, ICT, Music, PE, Psychology, Public Services, RE, Sociology, Spanish, Textiles, Travel and Tourism.

Within the Stellar Key Stage 4 curriculum students will complete the English Baccalaureate.  The EBacc is a combination of subjects that encourage breadth and balance supports most future career routes. The EBacc recognises students’ achievements across a core of selected academic subjects. The focus of the EBacc is to support students maximising their full potential, and putting them in favourable positions when it comes to deciding upon post 16 courses and career aspirations. The EBacc consists of English, Mathematics, History or Geography, the sciences and a language.  All students at Rainham School for Girls who would like to opt for the English Baccalaureate will also have the chance to do so.

Rainham Girls is committed to helping support learners to best prepare them for 21st century life; the introduction of a Personal Development as a non-examinable option at GCSE has further cemented this pledge, to ensure where possible, we alleviate some of the exam pressures facing our learners today; creating confident young female leaders of the future is a key part of the school’s ethos.  Within personal development lessons students have the opportunity to study British sign language, self-defence and a range of alternative activities that broaden their horizons and provide opportunities to focus on their own mental health.

The school is ambitious in its desire for opportunity for all and promotes aspiration to all year groups. On-site specialist staff, careers fairs and an extensive World of Work programme enable students to make informed decisions based upon clear advice. Students are supported through the option process in their year 9 pastoral curriculum and part of this programme is detailed below.


Students continue to study culture and ethics and physical education to support their own personal development and the opportunities available throughout the broader curriculum further enhance this.  Character development in the school is intrinsically linked throughout the curriculum and pastoral work.  The Big 5 includes the five traits of a Rainham Girl; Confidence, Health, Initiative, Resilience and Leadership. These traits are developed throughout both the pastoral and academic curriculum.

Key Stage 5

The Key Stage 5 curriculum builds on the aspirational emphasis from the Key Stage 4 curriculum but incorporates more personalisation and independence to prepare students for future career pathways.  The Big Question is still at the heart of the Key Stage 5 curriculum enabling students to be both profound and judicious in their learning.

As a non-selective school, we are keen to ensure we offer a truly comprehensive sixth form. The breadth of our curriculum caters for diverse interests and abilities; we offer a variety of A-levels, Applied courses, BTEC Nationals and GCSE retakes in English and Maths providing progression from Key Stage 4.

Subjects offered include:

Art, Biology, Business Studies, Chemistry, Criminology, Dance, Drama, Economics, English Language and Literature, English Literature, Finance, Forensics, Geography, Government and Politics, Graphic Communications, Health and Social Care, Human Biology, History, ICT, Law, Mathematics, Media Studies, Music, Philosophy and Ethics, Photography, Psychology, Physical Education, Sociology, Textiles and Travel and Tourism.

Students have their own personalised pathways and will study 3 courses, although some students choose to study 4.  At the end of Year 12 students will undertake a week’s work experience to gain valuable employability skills help prepare them for the transition to university or into the work place.  To ensure our sixth formers achieve their potential in their academic study we provide the opportunity for both structured and independent study to help them achieve the highest grades. Those students who failed to secure a grade C in English and Maths in Key Stage 4 are allocated extra Maths or English GCSE lessons. 

Tutor time for Years 12 and 13 focuses strongly on the personal development of our students through the Big 5 Characteristics: Confidence, Resilience, Initiative, Health and Leadership. Opportunities to develop these characteristics are also provided through sessions run by external speakers on such topics as CV and Personal Statement writing, Applying to University and various career and apprenticeship sessions which support each student regardless of their chosen Post-18 path.  As well as supporting students in their next steps in education or the workplace, we value developing the personal attributes of our sixth formers, as well as their academic abilities.  Enrichment activities in Year 12 and numerous volunteering opportunities within the school community enable students to develop their skills in communication, organisation and leadership to name a few.


At Rainham School for Girls, all students take part in a series of relationship and sex education (RSE) lessons as part of their personal, social and health education. The purpose of RSE is to prepare our pupils for the physical and emotional changes of growing up; to give them the knowledge and skills to make informed and healthy choices; to build their confidence and skills to deal with situations they may encounter; to help them to stay safe and to know where and how to ask for help if needed.  Students follow a spiral curriculum in which key themes of staying safe and healthy relationships are revisited and developed according to their age. We strive to ensure that what is taught is relevant to all of our students and that requirements given by the Equality Act (2010) are followed. Please contact Ms S Jenkins, Associate Assistant Headteacher for further information.


To obtain more information about  the curriculum please contact Deputy Head teacher N Bell at